Montjuïc Cable Car
This cable car in Barcelona celebrates its 50th anniversary in 2020.
The Fire Island Lighthouse was deemed “the most important light for transatlantic steamers bound for New York” by the 1894 Annual Report of the Lighthouse Board. For decades it served as seafarers’ first evidence of land on the western end of New York after the long journey across the Atlantic. Except for one twelve-year closure, the 168-foot tower has been operating since 1858.
Constructed as a replacement light, the red-brick tower was originally painted “an agreeable cream yellow color,” until it was repainted with its distinctive black and white bands—known as daymarks—just before the turn of the twentieth century.
To ensure it was more effective than its predecessor, a first order Fresnel lens (the largest and most powerful such lens), was in place from 1858 to 1933, emitting a white flash at one-minute intervals. The lens was kept illuminated by the tower’s Funk hydraulic lamp with five wicks burning whale, lard, and mineral oil, as well as kerosene before electricity ultimately provided the lighthouse’s illumination.
The US Coast Guard decommissioned the lighthouse in 1974. Seven years later, the decaying tower was declared unsafe, unworthy of repair, and was scheduled to be torn down – until private citizens banded together to try to ensure that did not happen.
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